为 WordPress 添加可重复使用的自定义metabox 字段

知更鸟 2022年6月4日15:49:22WordPress评论110阅读模式

所谓 WordPress metabox,就是类似文章编辑框下面WP自带的自定义字段的设置面板,通过add_meta_box() 可以添加自定义面板,方便地输入相关信息,并在前端调用实现一些功能。文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

基本的面板添加代码网上很多,本文分享两个可重复使用的自定义metabox 字段面板。文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

为 WordPress 添加可重复使用的自定义metabox 字段

为 WordPress 添加可重复使用的自定义metabox 字段

文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

section

代码一

预设两个字段,可重复添加,并以组数存储在数据库 wp_postmeta 表中文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

为 WordPress 添加可重复使用的自定义metabox 字段文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

为 WordPress 添加可重复使用的自定义metabox 字段文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

展开代码文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

展开收缩
文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html
add_action('admin_init', 'add_meta_boxes', 1);
function add_meta_boxes() {
	add_meta_box( 'repeatable-fields', 'Audio Playlist', 'repeatable_meta_box_display', 'post', 'normal', 'high');
}

function repeatable_meta_box_display() {
	global $post;

	$repeatable_fields = get_post_meta($post->ID, 'repeatable_fields', true);


	wp_nonce_field( 'repeatable_meta_box_nonce', 'repeatable_meta_box_nonce' );
?>
	<script type="text/javascript">
jQuery(document).ready(function($) {
	$('.metabox_submit').click(function(e) {
		e.preventDefault();
		$('#publish').click();
	});
	$('#add-row').on('click', function() {
		var row = $('.empty-row.screen-reader-text').clone(true);
		row.removeClass('empty-row screen-reader-text');
		row.insertBefore('#repeatable-fieldset-one tbody>tr:last');
		return false;
	});
	$('.remove-row').on('click', function() {
		$(this).parents('tr').remove();
		return false;
	});

	$('#repeatable-fieldset-one tbody').sortable({
		opacity: 0.6,
		revert: true,
		cursor: 'move',
		handle: '.sort'
	});
});
	</script>

	<table id="repeatable-fieldset-one" width="100%">
	<thead>
		<tr>
			<th width="2%"></th>
			<th width="30%">Name</th>
			<th width="60%">URL</th>
			<th width="2%"></th>
		</tr>
	</thead>
	<tbody>
	<?php

	if ( $repeatable_fields ) :

		foreach ( $repeatable_fields as $field ) {
?>
	<tr>
		<td><a class="button remove-row" href="#">-</a></td>
		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="name[]" value="<?php if($field['name'] != '') echo esc_attr( $field['name'] ); ?>" /></td>

		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="url[]" value="<?php if ($field['url'] != '') echo esc_attr( $field['url'] ); else echo 'http://'; ?>" /></td>
		<td><a class="sort">|||</a></td>
		
	</tr>
	<?php
		}
	else :
		// show a blank one
?>
	<tr>
		<td><a class="button remove-row" href="#">-</a></td>
		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="name[]" /></td>


		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="url[]" value="http://" /></td>
<td><a class="sort">|||</a></td>
		
	</tr>
	<?php endif; ?>

	<!-- empty hidden one for jQuery -->
	<tr class="empty-row screen-reader-text">
		<td><a class="button remove-row" href="#">-</a></td>
		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="name[]" /></td>


		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="url[]" value="http://" /></td>
<td><a class="sort">|||</a></td>
		
	</tr>
	</tbody>
	</table>

	<p><a id="add-row" class="button" href="#">Add another</a>
	<input type="submit" class="metabox_submit" value="Save" />
	</p>
	
	<?php
}

add_action('save_post', 'repeatable_meta_box_save');
function repeatable_meta_box_save($post_id) {
	if ( ! isset( $_POST['repeatable_meta_box_nonce'] ) ||
		! wp_verify_nonce( $_POST['repeatable_meta_box_nonce'], 'repeatable_meta_box_nonce' ) )
		return;

	if (defined('DOING_AUTOSAVE') && DOING_AUTOSAVE)
		return;

	if (!current_user_can('edit_post', $post_id))
		return;

	$old = get_post_meta($post_id, 'repeatable_fields', true);
	$new = array();


	$names = $_POST['name'];
	$urls = $_POST['url'];

	$count = count( $names );

	for ( $i = 0; $i < $count; $i++ ) {
		if ( $names[$i] != '' ) :
			$new[$i]['name'] = stripslashes( strip_tags( $names[$i] ) );


		if ( $urls[$i] == 'http://' )
			$new[$i]['url'] = '';
		else
			$new[$i]['url'] = stripslashes( $urls[$i] ); // and however you want to sanitize
		endif;
	}

	if ( !empty( $new ) && $new != $old )
		update_post_meta( $post_id, 'repeatable_fields', $new );
	elseif ( empty($new) && $old )
		delete_post_meta( $post_id, 'repeatable_fields', $old );
}

文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

前端调用文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

<?php $repeatable_fields = get_post_meta( $post->ID, 'repeatable_fields', true );  if ( $repeatable_fields ) : ?>
	<div class="list">
		<?php foreach ( $repeatable_fields as $field ) { ?>
			<div class="row">
				<?php if( $field['name'] != '' ) echo '<span class="field">'. esc_attr( $field['name'] ) . '</span>'; ?>
				<?php if( $field['url'] != '' ) echo '<span class="field">'. esc_attr( $field['url'] ) . '</span>'; ?>
			</div>
		<?php } ?>
	</div>
<?php endif; ?>

 文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

section

代码二

在上面的基础上,附加了下拉选项字段。文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

为 WordPress 添加可重复使用的自定义metabox 字段文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

展开代码文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

展开收缩
文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html
function hhs_get_sample_options() {
	$options = array (
		'Option 1' => 'option1',
		'Option 2' => 'option2',
		'Option 3' => 'option3',
		'Option 4' => 'option4',
	);
	
	return $options;
}

add_action('admin_init', 'hhs_add_meta_boxes', 1);
function hhs_add_meta_boxes() {
	add_meta_box( 'repeatable-fields', 'Repeatable Fields', 'hhs_repeatable_meta_box_display', 'post', 'normal', 'default');
}

function hhs_repeatable_meta_box_display() {
	global $post;

	$repeatable_fields = get_post_meta($post->ID, 'repeatable_fields', true);
	$options = hhs_get_sample_options();

	wp_nonce_field( 'hhs_repeatable_meta_box_nonce', 'hhs_repeatable_meta_box_nonce' );
	?>
	<script type="text/javascript">
	jQuery(document).ready(function( $ ){
		$( '#add-row' ).on('click', function() {
			var row = $( '.empty-row.screen-reader-text' ).clone(true);
			row.removeClass( 'empty-row screen-reader-text' );
			row.insertBefore( '#repeatable-fieldset-one tbody>tr:last' );
			return false;
		});
  	
		$( '.remove-row' ).on('click', function() {
			$(this).parents('tr').remove();
			return false;
		});
	});
	</script>
  
	<table id="repeatable-fieldset-one" width="100%">
	<thead>
		<tr>
			<th width="40%">Name</th>
			<th width="12%">Select</th>
			<th width="40%">URL</th>
			<th width="8%"></th>
		</tr>
	</thead>
	<tbody>
	<?php
	
	if ( $repeatable_fields ) :
	
	foreach ( $repeatable_fields as $field ) {
	?>
	<tr>
		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="name[]" value="<?php if($field['name'] != '') echo esc_attr( $field['name'] ); ?>" /></td>
	
		<td>
			<select name="select[]">
			<?php foreach ( $options as $label => $value ) : ?>
			<option value="<?php echo $value; ?>"<?php selected( $field['select'], $value ); ?>><?php echo $label; ?></option>
			<?php endforeach; ?>
			</select>
		</td>
	
		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="url[]" value="<?php if ($field['url'] != '') echo esc_attr( $field['url'] ); else echo 'http://'; ?>" /></td>
	
		<td><a class="button remove-row" href="#">Remove</a></td>
	</tr>
	<?php
	}
	else :
	// show a blank one
	?>
	<tr>
		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="name[]" /></td>
	
		<td>
			<select name="select[]">
			<?php foreach ( $options as $label => $value ) : ?>
			<option value="<?php echo $value; ?>"><?php echo $label; ?></option>
			<?php endforeach; ?>
			</select>
		</td>
	
		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="url[]" value="http://" /></td>
	
		<td><a class="button remove-row" href="#">Remove</a></td>
	</tr>
	<?php endif; ?>
	
	<!-- empty hidden one for jQuery -->
	<tr class="empty-row screen-reader-text">
		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="name[]" /></td>
	
		<td>
			<select name="select[]">
			<?php foreach ( $options as $label => $value ) : ?>
			<option value="<?php echo $value; ?>"><?php echo $label; ?></option>
			<?php endforeach; ?>
			</select>
		</td>
		
		<td><input type="text" class="widefat" name="url[]" value="http://" /></td>
		  
		<td><a class="button remove-row" href="#">Remove</a></td>
	</tr>
	</tbody>
	</table>
	
	<p><a id="add-row" class="button" href="#">Add another</a></p>
	<?php
}

add_action('save_post', 'hhs_repeatable_meta_box_save');
function hhs_repeatable_meta_box_save($post_id) {
	if ( ! isset( $_POST['hhs_repeatable_meta_box_nonce'] ) ||
	! wp_verify_nonce( $_POST['hhs_repeatable_meta_box_nonce'], 'hhs_repeatable_meta_box_nonce' ) )
		return;
	
	if (defined('DOING_AUTOSAVE') && DOING_AUTOSAVE)
		return;
	
	if (!current_user_can('edit_post', $post_id))
		return;
	
	$old = get_post_meta($post_id, 'repeatable_fields', true);
	$new = array();
	$options = hhs_get_sample_options();
	
	$names = $_POST['name'];
	$selects = $_POST['select'];
	$urls = $_POST['url'];
	
	$count = count( $names );
	
	for ( $i = 0; $i < $count; $i++ ) {
		if ( $names[$i] != '' ) :
			$new[$i]['name'] = stripslashes( strip_tags( $names[$i] ) );
			
			if ( in_array( $selects[$i], $options ) )
				$new[$i]['select'] = $selects[$i];
			else
				$new[$i]['select'] = '';
		
			if ( $urls[$i] == 'http://' )
				$new[$i]['url'] = '';
			else
				$new[$i]['url'] = stripslashes( $urls[$i] ); // and however you want to sanitize
		endif;
	}

	if ( !empty( $new ) && $new != $old )
		update_post_meta( $post_id, 'repeatable_fields', $new );
	elseif ( empty($new) && $old )
		delete_post_meta( $post_id, 'repeatable_fields', $old );
}

文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

前端调用文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html

<?php $repeatable_fields = get_post_meta( $post->ID, 'repeatable_fields', true );  if ( $repeatable_fields ) : ?>
	<div class="list">
		<?php foreach ( $repeatable_fields as $field ) { ?>
			<div class="row">
				<?php if( $field['name'] != '' ) echo '<span class="field">'. esc_attr( $field['name'] ) . '</span>'; ?>
				<?php if( $field['select'] != '' ) echo '<span class="field">'. esc_attr( $field['select'] ) . '</span>'; ?>
				<?php if( $field['url'] != '' ) echo '<span class="field">'. esc_attr( $field['url'] ) . '</span>'; ?>
			</div>
		<?php } ?>
	</div>
<?php endif; ?>
文章源自知更鸟-https://zmingcx.com/wordpress-custom-metabox-repeatable-fields.html
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